An interesting thing is going on with new or re-purposed rental homes and apartments across the vast majority of markets: They are getting progressively smaller and smaller.  Not only are rents rising, yet on top of that the square footage obtained for median rent is significantly decreasing at the same time.

Importantly, this even takes into account price increases / inflation.  Median rent represents the middle value of all rents on a market, with half of the units below that median rent value and half above that median rent value.  Median rents are of course higher now than they were 5 years ago, though theoretically people would pay the increased higher median rent for the same type or size of apartment.

However, that is not the case.  HotPads recently performed an in-depth analysis and determined that median rents have risen while the square footage that those median rents obtain has steadily decreased.

Smaller apartments

This has been caused by many things.  New construction properties tend to have smaller units than historical average unit sizes.  In-fill and urban properties do this to maximize their unit count within a small footprint.  Stand-alone rental homes are smaller to keep costs down relative to very high and increasing construction costs.  Also, renters have become willing to pay more for smaller apartments and homes that are in better locations.  Increased value has been placed on proximity to work, walkability to attractions, ambiance & lifestyle, and new amenities.  These shifts in priorities have convinced many people to accept smaller unit sizes than in the past.

For new apartment buildings, the decreases in unit sizes have been partially offset by the addition of shared property-wide amenities and common area facilities.  This includes increasingly popular attractions such as reservable party rooms and conference rooms, plus open access facilities such as small gyms, view decks, lounges, and hang out or play areas.

Nationally over the past 5 years, a median priced rental has decreased in size 225 square feet.  That is the equivalent to an entire 14’x16′ living room or almost two 10’x12′ bedrooms!  In very expensive markets such as San Francisco, San Jose, and Sacramento, the decrease in a median priced unit has been even more pronounced at 475 square feet less space.  Seattle units have shrunk 400 square feet over th